A Critique of Political Reason – Foucault’s Analysis of Modern Governmentality



Paradoxa, Contradictions, Aporia – the Order of Discourse as a Discourse of Order


1. From the Archeology of Knowledge to the Problem of Power
    1.1. The Problem of Knowledge
    1.2. A General Theory of Knowledge
    1.3. Discourse and Power
2. The Genealogy of Power
    2.1. „The daily struggles at grass root level“ – May 1968
    2.2. The „Groupe d’Information sur les Prisons“
    2.3. Critique and Crisis: The Question of the Prison
3. Discipline as a Political Anatomy of the Body
    3.1. The Prison as Technology: Discipline
        3.1.1. The Power of Economy and the Economy of Power: Discipline and Capitalism
        3.1.2. Consensus and Body – Discipline and Law
    3.2. The Prison as Strategy: Delinquence
        3.2.1. A Different Politics of Punishment
        3.2.2. Class justice and Delinquence
4. Nietzsche’s Hypothesis
    4.1. Beyond Repression and Ideology: The Concept of Power-Knowledge
    4.2. The King’s Head – The Juridical Conception of Power
    4.3. Struggle and War – The Strategical Conception of Power
5. The „Disciplination“ of the Analysis of Power
    5.1. Subjectivity and Resistance
        5.1.1. Subjectivation and Subjection
        5.1.2. Power and Resistance
    5.2. The Microphysics and Macrophysics of Power


1. From Discipline to Government
    1.1. The Repression Hypothesis
    1.2. The War Hypothesis
    1.3. The Problematics of Bio-Power
        1.3.1. Discipline and Bio-Power
        1.3.2. Bio-Power and the Paradigm of War
    1.4. The Notion of Government
2. The Genealogy of the Modern State
    2.1. The Governement of the Souls – The Christian Pastorate
    2.2. The Government of Men
        2.2.1. The Raison d’Etat
        2.2.2. The Police
        2.2.3. The Physiocratic Critique
    2.3. The Liberal Government
        2.3.1. Adam Smith: The Invisible Hand
        2.3.2. David Hume: Subjectivity and Interest
        2.3.3. Adam Ferguson: The Civil Society
    2.4. The Dispositivs of Security
        2.4.1. Liberty and Security
        2.4.2. Sovereignty – Discipline – Security
3. The Government of Society: The Invention of the Social
    3.1. The Government of Poverty – The Social Question
        3.1.1. Law and Morals
        3.1.2. Labour and Poverty
        3.1.3. Social Economy and Pauperism
    3.2. The Birth of the Insurance Society
        3.2.1. The Politics of Accident
        3.2.2. The Insurance Technology
        3.2.3. The Sociological Knowledge
   The Constancy of Probability
   Sovereignty and Solidarity
    3.3. The Defence of Society
        3.3.1. From the War of Races to State-Racism
        3.3.2. Dangerous Individuals and Dangerous Classes
        3.3.3. A Social Medicine
4. The Government of Individuals – The Neoliberalism
    4.1. „Inequality is equal for everybody“ – The Ordoliberals and the „Modell Deutschland“
    4.2. The Social as a Form of the Economical – The Chicago School
    4.3. Autonomy and Selfcontrol


1. From the History of Sexuality to the Genealogy of Ethics
    1.1. Technologies of the Self
    1.2. Subjectivity and Experience
    1.3. Morals and Ethics
2. The Genealogy of the Modern Subject
    2.1. An Asthetics of Existence – The Art of Existence in Classical Greece
    2.2. The Culture of the Self – The Hellenistic-Roman Ethics
    2.3. The Hermeneutics of Desire – Morals and Ethics in Christianity
3. Subjectivity and Power
    3.1. A Subjectivism without Heal?
    3.2. Power as „Conduct of Conducts“
        3.2.1. Power and Domination
        3.2.2. Practices of Liberty and Forms of Resistance
    3.3.  Excursus: The Islamic Revolution
        3.3.1. The Islamic Government
   A Collective Will
   A Political Spirituality
        3.3.2. A Revolution in Spiritless Times
4. Truth and Power
    4.1. The Politics of Truth
    4.2. A History of Truth: The Historical Nominalism
    4.3. The Notion of Problematization
    4.4. Fiction and Construction
5. Answer to a Question: What is Critique?
    5.1. The Genealogy of Critique
    5.2. What is Enlightenment?
    5.3. The Attitude of Critique
    5.4. What is „Mündigkeit“?
    5.5. „En guise de conclusion“


1. Works of Michel Foucault
2. Other Works